Turkey: A country that spans two continents, has seen the rise and fall of numerous empires, and offers an amazing melting pot of contrasting cultures and geographic terrain. When the time came to choose the destination for my winter break the choice was clear. After years of dreaming about a visit, I was more than ready to pack my bags for Turkey. After doing some research, perusing the excellent posts on the Turkish Travel Blog and talking to my brother, David Berger, who recently visited Turkey, I decided on three destinations. Choosing the three was a challenging task. The rich history of Turkey, combined with its size and geographic location mean that Turkey has an amazing depth and richness which might initially surprise those not overly familiar with the country. While I considered several popular destinations such as the ruins at Ephesus and the natural hot springs at Pamukkale, I ultimately decided to focus instead on Istanbul, the Cappadocia region, and Antalya.
Istanbul was a must. The former location of Byzantium and Constantinople, it offered an incredible opportunity to visit one of the centers of modern civilization and the heart of some of history’s most captivating empires. The reports I had from friends and peers in the travel industry also suggested a city that was far more compelling and engaging than your standard capital city.
Cappadocia has captivated me for years. Fairly unknown outside of Turkey, Cappadocia’s unusual cities are carved into the sides of the local hills and delve deep underground into sprawling chambers. Ever since stumbling upon the first photos I’ve had it at the top of my list of unique and unusual places to visit. However, it wasn’t until recently that I learned that Cappadocia is actually a rather large region, which encompasses a number of small towns and not a stand alone town. After doing my research I eventually decided on the small town of Göreme to serve as my base while exploring the region.
The final city was Antalya. I chose Antalya, which is situated at the heart of the Turkish Riviera in part due to climate and in part because I had a strong interest in seeing the unusual Lycian ruins at Myra. Located along Turkey’s southern coast it offered the allure of significantly warmer weather and the chance to catch up on some time in the sun – something I’ve been sorely missing here in Copenhagen. While far larger and more widely known, my concern about visiting the ruins at Ephesus stemmed from the belief that they are likely heavily stabilized to handle the number of visits they get annually. I know it is necessary to protect the site but it diminishes the life of a place. The ruins of Pompeii are another good example. Despite the small size of the ruins at Myra, and the excessive tourist infrastructure in the Antalya region, I still found them to be charming and well worth the visit. Antalya also offered the opportunity to see the Düden Falls which is located in the heart of the city. It is a picturesque waterfall which cascades over the side of the cliffs and into the Mediterranean below.
Analyzing The Cost
One of the reasons I chose Turkey was the relatively cheap airfare to and from Istanbul from Copenhagen. My round-trip ticket cost $245 USD. Even though it was slightly more than I might have paid using a budget airline within central Europe, it was still reasonable. The three cities I selected are relatively far away from each other. This posed a challenge from a transportation standpoint. The cities are also connected by long-overnight buses, a viable option, but one which I hoped to avoid. To my surprise Turkish Airlines and their subsidiary AnadoluJet were running specials which meant I could get airfare from Istanbul to Kayseri (Cappadocia), Kayseri to Antalya, and Antalya to Istanbul for virtually the same price as a bus ticket. In total these in-country flights ran me $179 USD. The combined cost of all airfare/long distance transportation, excluding regional tours, was $423 for the trip.
For the duration of my visit the US dollar was performing fairly well against the Turkish lira and was typically about 1.75 lira to the USD. This gave me a significant amount of added buying power as most Turkish prices are structured at what would be 1:1 between the lira and the dollar. My hostels were usually 20-30 lira per night. After facing the brutal food prices here in Copenhagen for 6 months, I was eager to splurge on the relatively cheap food in Istanbul. As a result, instead of opting for the 2-8 lira kebabs, I tended to seek out more filling meals which ranged anywhere from 10 Lira to 30 Lira a meal. I’ll do a more comprehensive post on food in Turkey at a later date. It is worth noting that the area around Sultan Ahmet Square in Istanbul and the old city in Antalya were significantly more expensive as they cater heavily to tourists. Another item that was surprisingly expensive (but more available than expected) was alcohol. Beer was typically priced between 6-10 lira per bottle.
Unfortunately, due to the need to use cash for many of my purchases, I don’t have an accurate breakdown of individual expenses by category (eg: food, lodging, etc.). However, the sum for all non-airfare costs over the 17 day period was $1,086. This includes approximately $100 in added expenses for unnecessary clothing purchases.
The total cost for the trip including all primary and secondary expenses, transportation, food, entertainment, etc. was $1509.55 or about $89 USD per day. I suspect that a traveler operating on a tighter food budget, and doing fewer organized regional tours (I did two expensive day trips in Cappadocia and Antalya) could drop that fairly easily to $60 a day. Similarly, budget travelers moving at a slower speed and adding more legs to their trip could reduce or at least spread out a significant portion of the $179 USD in transportation costs I paid.
Turkey is a wonderful budget friendly destination that has a lot to offer. Have a specific question not covered in this post? Let me know and I’d be happy to answer it if I can.
Bio: Arizona native Alex Berger is more than just a traveler. He’s a 20-something communication and cognition masters student at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, a business professional and graduate from Arizona State University with degrees from Barrett, the Honors College and the Hugh Downs School of Human Communication. He wrote his undergraduate thesis on virtual worlds and their impact on society, and he’s fascinated by the synergy between education, technology, business and travel.
He’s visited 30-plus countries and is the founder of the Travel Resource Network, a series of travel websites dedicated to sharing travel adventures, knowledge, tips and tricks.